for a bond issued at a discount, the stated interest rate will be

Interest is reported separately, as discussed later under Stated interest, later. This is a fraction, the numerator of which is the value of the reference index for the date and the denominator of which is the value of the reference index for the debt instrument’s issue date. Complete Form 1099-OID and Form 1096 and file the forms with the Internal Revenue Service Center for your area. However, you are not required to file a nominee return to show amounts belonging to your spouse. For each publicly offered debt instrument in Section I, the list contains the following information.

It can be calculated by subtracting the issuance price from the redemption price. Since they don’t pay a coupon, zero-coupon bonds are not affected by interest rate fluctuations. Typically, if interest rates rise significantly, existing fixed-rate bonds become less attractive, and their prices fall as investors sell them for higher-rate bonds elsewhere. Conversely, if interest rates fall significantly, existing fixed-rate bonds become more attractive, and their prices rise as investors rush to buy them. As of March 28, 2019, Bed Bath & Beyond Inc. (BBBY) has a bond that’s currently a discount bond.

How an Original Issue Discount (OID) Works

For example, a bond might be callable by the issuing company, in which the company may pay a call premium paid to the current owner of the bond. Also, a bond might be called while there is still a premium or discount on the bond, and that can complicate the retirement process. At some point, a company will need to record bond retirement, when the company pays the obligation. For example, earlier we demonstrated the issuance of a five-year bond, along with its first two interest payments.

for a bond issued at a discount, the stated interest rate will be

You will continue to receive communications, including notices and letters in English until they are translated to your preferred language. Your basis in the debt instrument post-closing trial balance on March 1 of Year 9 is $9,792.10 ($9,831 cost − $38.90 deflation adjustment). The rules for figuring OID on zero coupon bonds, including those backed by U.S.

Bond Valuation

Since your tax year will usually include parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID amounts for each accrual period. How you figure the YTM for a stripped debt instrument or coupon purchased after 1984 depends on whether you have equal accrual periods or a short initial accrual period. Increase the basis of your stripped tax-exempt bond or coupon by the taxable and nontaxable accrued OID. In general, increase your basis in a contingent payment debt instrument by the OID included in income. Your basis, however, is not affected by any negative or positive adjustments. Decrease your basis by any noncontingent payment received and the projected contingent payment scheduled to be received.

for a bond issued at a discount, the stated interest rate will be

If the bonds were to be paid off today, the full $104,460 would have to be paid back. But as time passes, the Premium account is amortized until it is zero. The bondholders have bonds that say the issuer will pay them $100,000, so that is all that is owed at maturity. The premium will disappear over time and will reduce the amount of interest incurred.


Short-term bonds mature in less than one year while long-term bonds can mature in 10 to 15 years, or even longer. Short-term bonds are often issued at a bond discount, especially if they are zero-coupon bonds. However, bonds on the secondary market may trade at a bond discount, which occurs when supply exceeds demand. A bond issued at a discount has its market price below the face value, creating a capital appreciation upon maturity since the higher face value is paid when the bond matures. The bond discount is the difference by which a bond’s market price is lower than its face value.

  • Brokers and other middlemen must follow special information reporting requirements for real estate mortgage investment conduit (REMIC) regular interests, and collateralized debt obligation (CDO) interests.
  • In general, you must file a Form 1099-INT or Form 1099-OID for the debt instrument if the interest or OID to be included in the owner’s income for a calendar year totals $10 or more.
  • If you purchase the stripped coupon, treat as OID any excess of the amount payable on the due date of the coupon over your purchase price.
  • Investors should understand that just because they are buying a bond at a discount, it does not mean it is a bargain.
  • The difference in the amount received and the amount owed is called the premium.

If the period from the date you purchased a stripped bond or coupon to the maturity date can be divided evenly into full accrual periods without including a shorter period, you can figure the YTM by using the following formula. In general, the YTM of a stripped bond or coupon is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the acquisition price. The projected payment schedule for a contingent payment debt instrument includes all fixed payments due under the instrument and a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. The projected payment schedule is created by the issuer as of the debt instrument’s issue date. It is used to determine the issuer’s and holder’s interest accruals and adjustments.


Generally, you can choose to treat all interest on a debt instrument acquired after April 3, 1994, as OID and include it in gross income by using the constant yield method. See Constant yield method under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984, later, for more information. Generally, you include OID in income as it accrues each year, whether or not you receive any payments from the debt instrument issuer. Backup withholding applies to the payment of OID that is includible in the holder’s gross income, to the extent it is in cash.

  • It becomes more complicated when the stated rate and the market rate differ.
  • An investor who purchases this bond has a return on investment that is determined by the periodic coupon payments.
  • How you figure the YTM for a stripped debt instrument or coupon purchased after 1984 depends on whether you have equal accrual periods or a short initial accrual period.
  • The periodic interest payments to the buyer (investor) will be the same over the course of the bond.
  • The return received for the OID may end up being less than the interest rate offered on a traditional fixed-rate bond.

In this way, the time until maturity, the bond’s coupon rate, current price, and the difference between price and face value all are considered. When a bond is sold at a discount, the amount of the bond discount must be amortized to interest expense over the life of the bond. The effective interest rate calculation is commonly used in relation to the bond market. The calculation provides the real interest rate returned in a given period, based on the actual book value of a financial instrument at the beginning of the period.

Bonds and Notes

The holder of a stripped coupon has the right to receive an interest payment on the bond. The rule requiring the holder of a debt instrument issued with OID to include the OID in gross income as it accrues applies to stripped bonds and coupons acquired after July 1, 1982. See Debt Instruments and Coupons Purchased After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985 or Debt Instruments and Coupons Purchased After 1984, later, for information about figuring the OID to report. It also shows, in box 2, any qualified stated interest you must include in income. (However, any qualified stated interest on TIPS can be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3.) For a taxable covered security, Form 1099-OID may show accrued market discount in box 5, acquisition premium in box 6, or premium in box 10.

Form N-CSR Tax-Free Fixed Income For: Jun 30 –

Form N-CSR Tax-Free Fixed Income For: Jun 30.

Posted: Wed, 06 Sep 2023 19:14:29 GMT [source]

Don’t post your social security number (SSN) or other confidential information on social media sites. On, you can get up-to-date information on current events and changes in tax law.. Go to to see your options for preparing and filing your return online or in your local community, if you qualify, which include the following.

You decrease your basis in the debt instrument by the deflation adjustment used to offset interest income. Figure the OID on an inflation-indexed debt instrument using one of the following methods. If you bought your corporate debt instrument in a calendar year or the subsequent year, you can figure the accumulated OID to the date of purchase by adding the following amounts.

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