The idea is to use automation to focus on rapid, frequent delivery of secure software and infrastructure to production. Industry and government have fully embraced and are rapidly implementing these practices to develop and deploy software in operational environments, often without a full understanding and consideration of security. The build phase begins once developers commit code to the source repository. DevSecOps build tools focus on automated security analysis against the build output artifact. Important security practices include software component analysis, static application software testing , and unit tests.

This involves auditing API keys and access tokens so that the owners have limited access. Without this audit, an attacker may find a key that has access to unintended areas of the system. DAST takes a more holistic approach and checks the running application from outside to discover flaws or threats by attacking it. So, it doesn’t require access to source code or binaries to analyze the application.

DevSecOps, shifting security left

However, many organizations face challenges in implementing DevSecOps because it represents a fundamentally different way of structuring an organization’s people and how they work. It therefore requires a different model of leadership and a culture that fosters ownership, empowerment and customer-centricity. Employees often struggle to work in this new way, and for an organization’s leaders, a traditional transformation and management approach is ill suited.

devsecops organizational structure

Edge users and developers are not just “security-aware” but are the first line of defense. NIST held a virtual workshop in January 2021 on improving the security of DevOps practices; you can access the workshop recording and materials here. A second virtual workshop was held in September 2022 on the planned NCCoE DevSecOps project; the workshop recording and presentations are posted. As DevOps devops team structure becomes more widespread, we often hear software teams are now DevOps teams. However, simply adding new tools or designating a team as DevOps is not enough to fully realize the benefits of DevOps. While organizations understand the need to transform their culture and ways of working to succeed under DevSecOps, many fail to plan for the transformation and thus neglect to support the transition.

examples of DevOps team models

Moving to DevSecOps doesn’t happen overnight — organizations need a structured and long-term plan to transform and sustain the changes. Obviously the software development lifecycle today is full of moving parts, meaning that defining the right structure for a DevOps team will remain fluid and in need of regular re-evaluation. Visibilityis a good management practice in general, but very important for a DevSecOps environment. Good leadership fosters a good culture that promotes change within the organization.

  • Now virtual communication apps provide that same instantaneous communication.
  • Human skills like collaboration and creativity are just as vital for DevOps success as technical expertise.
  • Employers also need to recognize that not all their people will want or be able to work under DevSecOps models, and some will likely leave.
  • And appoint a liaison to the rest of the company to make sure executives and line-of-business leaders know how DevOps is going, and so dev and ops can be part of conversations about the top corporate priorities.
  • A system like this allows teams to be more productive through the use of experimentation instead of wasting too much time on theorizing.

Remember, these are key differentiators that will help you make necessary changes to your current application development lifecycle to focus more on speed, agility, and security. Finding the pain points and bottlenecks in your organization and identifying their causes will give your DevOps teams a focus towards which they can direct their efforts. Finding opportunities where automation can speed up production and reduce confusion will vastly increase productivity across your entire organization.

Why you need a security champions program

This team structure is dependent on applications that run in a public cloud, since the IaaS team creates scalable, virtual services that the development team uses. This ensures security is applied consistently across the environment, as the environment changes and adapts to new requirements. A mature implementation of DevSecOps will have a solid automation, configuration management, orchestration,containers, immutable infrastructure, and evenserverlesscompute environments. Automation of security checks depends strongly on the project and organizational goals.

devsecops organizational structure

And it’s something we practice a lot when it comes to our own DevOps team structure. We also have other functional DevOps groups besides “Dev” that manage other aspects of our product. A platform can be anything from an IaaS-driven pipeline of software delivery to a PaaS to a SaaS-driven application deployment scheme. Applications are deployed on platforms and provide services to our users. In GSA, that could mean that our delivery of applications on Salesforce can align to the framework described below. Source code scanning is a code analysis framework that helps developers create secure applications and software by analyzing security bottlenecks or potential bugs quickly.

Source Code Scanning

When security tools plug directly into developers’ existing Git workflow, every commit and merge automatically triggers a security test or review. These tools support different programming languages and integrated development environments. Some of the more popular security code tools include Gerrit, Phabricator, SpotBugs, PMD, CheckStyle, and Find Security Bugs. This includes continuous integration, continuous delivery/deployment (CI/CD), continuous feedback, and continuous operations. Instead of one-off tests or scheduled deployments, each function occurs on an ongoing basis.

devsecops organizational structure

Another security practice that you need to embed in your software development lifecycle is container security. Starting your DevOps transformation will require diligence, but the payoffs of a well-managed system will be more than worth the efforts. Forming cross-functional teams that integrate each discipline of the production chain will require special attention for creating solid lines of communication. By engendering a culture of communication throughout your organization, you will empower collaboration within teams and between them that will improve development speed and product quality.

Agile & DevOps

But defining the correct organizational structure is a little more difficult than explaining the role and makeup of the team. There are a lot of different ways to position DevOps within the organization, and what works in one environment doesn’t always fit the needs or culture of another. Human skills like collaboration and creativity are just as vital for DevOps success as technical expertise. This DevOps Institute report explores current upskilling trends, best practices, and business impact as organizations around the world make upskilling a top priority.

This can only occur after establishing a cooperative IT-security relationship. A DevSecOps team has broad responsibility for the overall security design and implementation of new IT systems and applications. In addition to regular status updates between teams, hold informal gatherings, such as lunches, and use online collaboration tools such as Slack or Microsoft Teams. Establish collaboration hubs for both projects and broader discussions that promote cross-pollination of expertise between groups.


Used as a set of practices and tools, DevOps integrates and automates the work of software development and IT operations as a means for improving and shortening the systems development life cycle. Risk-related requirements are difficult to translate into security requirements that can be easily measured over time. While security teams create requirements to support their risk-based methodology, compliance requirements are poorly translated to DevOps and product requirements. Conversely, it is not easy to obtain evidence that security requirements have been met even if technical controls are implemented.

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